The Knowledge Bulletin
This journal was published every two weeks. It was started in 1903 and lasted until 1918, then re-appeared under Soviet ownership in 1922 until 1930. Its editor from 1922 to 1928 was the famous Russian psychologist and neurologist, Vladimir Mikhailovich Bekhterev. Bekhterev was a leading Leningrad intellectual, and many of his discoveries and observations were named after him. He died in 1928 in highly dubious circumstances, whilst away in Moscow on a conference. If you wish to learn more about that incident, please look here.
The next editor was Sergei Fyodrovich Platonov, another prominent member of the Leningrad intelligentsia. His editorship ceased in 1930, when he was arrested and imprisoned for ‘active anti-Soviet activity and participation in a counter-revolutionary organisation’.
The Knowledge Bulletin was an easy-to-read, popular science and cultural digest.
The attractive avant-garde cover is not attributed to any particular artist. We see machines in this picture, eating away at the natural world. No humans are in sight. The design of the words ‘Vestnik Znaniya’ is modernist and reminds us of the depictions of electric sparks. The rear cover, (top right) is also strikingly avant-garde/constructivist.
This edition contains articles on many cultural and social topics as well as technical. This page features two new advances – one being an oil-fired steam locomotive in the USA (despite the photograph being of a British locomotive – the company is marked LNER on the side of the engine – London and North Eastern Railway).
The other feature describes and depicts a breakthrough in the aseptic teaching of surgeons, using film cameras suspended over the operating table and the live pictures simultaneously projected onto a screen in an adjoining auditorium via a sealed glass window, thus separating the students from the patient and so reducing the chance of infection.
Moving Pictures via Radio Waves
1927 saw significant advances in television technology. It was possible to transmit an image by utilising the audible frequencies and then converting the signal and, via lenses, producing a discernible picture. The system had 30 lines of resolution.
This is the breakthrough being described by ‘Knowledge Bulletin’ on the page to the left. It is entitled, ‘Successful Visual Radio Broadcast in the West.’
Both the country (UK) and the inventor, J. L. Baird, are mentioned at length in this highly thorough description and discussion.
It says that the inventor has called the thing ‘television’.