….of this issue of Sud Idet is an avant-garde portrait of the Soviet writer, Maxim Gorki. The artist is not accredited. This portrait shows some of the features that will become standard traits of ‘Soviet’ heroes: Square jaw – Gazing into the future – Resolute expression – Face as if cut from stone.
The leading article is a discussion of the nature of criminals as shown in Gorky’s novels.
‘The First Public Prosecutor’ is the title of an article dedicated to V. Volodarsky (Moisei Markovich Goldstein). It reads:
The personality of Comrade Volodarsky was exceptionally multi-sided in its richness and diverse creativity. One of the earliest and most significant political leaders of our October Revolution, Volodarsky was the first Soviet legal orator, the first Public Prosecutor, entering the Tribunal born of the Proletarian Revolution.
Volodarsky was indeed a member of the upper echelons of the Bolshevik party. A. Lunacharsky, the Peoples’ Commissar of Culture, commented : “There is no point in hiding the fact that Volodarsky was a terrorist”. He had a bridge named after him. It’s still there, in St. Petersburg.
….had an interesting life. He was a militant trade unionist in the USA, his homeland. He was the founder of the Industrial Workers of the World, a very active union. He and his followers were professional socialists – they went all over the USA getting involved in labour disputes and often being associated with extreme acts, even murder. His anti-capitalist stance and very aggressive brand of rhetoric and action made the establishment detest him. However, he was ‘tolerated’ until the first world war gave the US government the opportunity to arrest him and many of his fellows on ‘spying’ charges. He was sentenced to 20 years. Hayward at once appealed and was let out on bail. He then fled the USA and went to the USSR. The article here in Sud Idet is interesting in that it only barely mentions the fact that Hayward lived in the USSR for 8 years right until his death. It says nothing about what he did in the USSR. It does not mention that Hayward had been an adviser on labour policy to the Bolsheviks until 1923.
There is a famous book by John Le Carré called ‘Tinker, Taylor, Soldier, Spy’. The traitor and main villain is a double agent called Bill Haydon.