This edition of the right-wing Romanian daily paper came out a week after the Axis army surrendered to the Red Army at Stalingrad.
This paper contains anti-semitic and pro-fascist material. We present it as an historical document of those very bleak times.
This newspaper was published during the period of Fascist power in Romania. The leader of the country was Marshal Antonescu, whose rise to power was confirmed in 1940 by the abdication of the Romanian king, Carol. Antonescu was a close ally of Hitler and sent around 500,000 Romanian troops (approx. 30 divisions) to take part in the invasion of the USSR. Many of those soldiers fought all the way to Stalingrad and did not return. Antonescu’s brief reign ended in 1945 as Romania was occupied by Soviet forces. He was arrested, taken to Moscow for interrogation and then returned to Romania where he was tried for war crimes and shot in 1946. He refused a blindfold when he faced the firing squad and waved his top hat as they fired.
The photograph on page 1 (top right) is described: ‘The Marshal-Leader heads members of the government and high State officials, in front of the Patriarchal Cathedral at a religious service for the heroes of Stalingrad’.
The Quotation in the very top right of page 1, by Vasile Conta, says ‘The Yid is the most dangerous enemy. His sneaky nature crushes any resistance and nullifies the ability to fight’
The main article on page 1 is entitled ‘From the Mountain to the Mud’ and is written by the editor, Dr. Ilie Radulescu. He sees Hitler as ‘The Mountain’ and Stalin as ‘The Mud’.
It begins: ‘Are any terms of comparison between Hitler and Stalin? Could they both be seen as embodying a terrible conflict, as representatives of two opposing worlds, convulsing the planet in a struggle for supremacy?’
- A reasonable question to ask, particularly in 1943, when your country is squashed between those two mighty military powers. Naturally, the article presents all sorts of compliments to Hitler and pours scorn on Stalin, calling him ‘born out of sin….sinking in the pestilence of swamps….the executioner of the church and its servants….a traitor who pulled Russia into chaos…’ He also criticises Stalin’s country, labelling it ‘…..a jungle of terror and assassination’.