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realitatea sarre

Realitatea Illustrata 1935 – Saar and Hitler




Historical significance

January 1935

Complete, 31 pages

Outstanding artwork to cover

The rise of Hitler

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25 cm x 35 cm | Free worldwide delivery (unframed). If you want to buy this framed please contact us.

Realitatea Illustrata, the popular Romanian news magazine, produced a cover of sheer constructivist excellence for this 1935 edition.  The overlit face, (a device favoured in European cinema at the time) and the sepia of the industrial landscape combine to force the collage into the psyche of the observer.  The angled caption forms part of the frame for the worker’s face.  This cover looks superb framed.


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At the Treaty of Versailles (or the ‘Trianon Treaty’ as it is commonly called in Central Europe) in 1919, it was decided that this German territory, rich in coal, iron ore and minerals, be handed to France and Britain to administer for a period of 15 years.  A vote of local inhabitants would then decide its preferred country of government – either German, France, or to continue with the mandate under the League of Nations.  This magazine reports on the result of the election, which had been an overwhelming victory for re-unification with Germany.

It comments: “In accordance with the treaty, Germany had to buy back the coal mines that were the property of France.  The price was determined by experts, but Germany had to pay in gold.  As a guarantee of peace, the return of the Saar to Germany was the happiest outcome.  An vote unfavourable to Germany would have led to internal unrest in that country and doubtless led to external conflict”.

The Saarland was again confiscated from the Germans in 1945 and the people voted to return to German sovereignty 10 years later.  It became one of the key regions in the thinking behind the formulation of the Coal and Steel Community, which transmutated into today’s European Union.


realitatea hitler2On page 25 there is an article entitled, ‘Hitler, the German Fist’.  It is part of a series about Hitler’s rise to power.

The subtitle is ‘Hitler is not a fighter’.  It explains the the manoeuvers and conflicts in  his political career in the first half of the 1920s.  It says:

Perhaps it was because Hitler, however strange it may seem – is not a fighter.  He is only a politician, very impulsive, very unstable, and not a quiet, calculating fighter, weighing up his strength and methods and comparing them with those of his enemies in the given situation.  It was a time for fighters, not politicians – and, starting a military campaign, Hitler acted impulsively, pushed by the tyrannical, absolute necessity to rise above everyone else, despite the risks and contradictions.’

Additional Information

Dimensions 25 x 35 cm